FRESH WATER SUPPLY
Demand for bottled drinking water is expected to rise with increased number of visitors in the region. There are two large sources of artesian water in the coastal municipalities of Ajara, which according to their physical-chemical characteristics and volume of stock availability offer good opportunity for organizing a profitable venture of bottling drinking freshwater. License for production of artesian water is issued by the Ministry of Finance and Economy of Ajara by means of auctions.
STOCKS OF ARTESIAN FRESH WATER IN AJARA
VARIETY OF NATURAL RESOURCES
Ajara is rich with natural resources. Its geographic location, sea and high mountains, together with warm and humid climate have preconditioned presence of diverse landscapes. 66 per cent of the territory of Ajara is covered by forest with great aesthetic and recreational values. Currently there are 4 protected areas created to protect unique Colchis forest. Dominant landscape types include lowland and mountain humid Colchis forest, mountain coniferous forest and high grassland and shrubs.
Number of ore deposits have been explored and are exploited, including “native” and “noble” metals, construction materials, clays, ornamental stones and gems. Hydro mineral resources are available both in the coastal and in the mountainous areas. Mineral water consists of hydro carbonate sulphate, sodium-magnesium, hydro carbonate, chloride, iron, aluminum, sodium-calcium and sulphide-hydro carbonate. These springs have been used historically as healing waters by local population. Currently up to 50 springs have been identified.
Ajara is rich with mineral resources. Mineral water outputs are available both in coastal and in mountainous areas. Mineral springs of mountainous highlands of Ajara are rich with hydro-carbonate, sulphate-chloride and ammonium-potassium waters. Temperature of mineral springs varies between 6-15 degrees Celsius. Such springs are found in Danisparauli, Dioknisi, Khikhadziri, Kokotauri, Uchamba, Namonastrevi, Begauri, Merisi, Kapnistavi areas.
Temperature of thermal water springs varies between 25-38 degrees Celsius. Hydrosulphide thermal waters in coastal municipalities (Makhinjauri, Chakvi, Khutsubani) have healing qualities and have been historically used by local population. Thermal water outputs are also explored in mountainous Ajara (Boghauri, Shubani, Tomasheti).
According to their chemical composition they belong to hydro carbonate-sulphide-chloride-iron group characterized with relatively low temperature, mineralization varies between 0.25-1.5 g/l, and capacity of 3500-10 000 liter per 24 hour. Healing qualities of mineral waters have been researched and proved to be useful for various purposes. Recommendations for treatment include joints, bones and muscles, nervous system, skin, heart and reproductive diseases. In spite of such diversity only few mineral resources are being utilized commercially.
POTENTIAL UTILIZATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES OF AJARA
One of the main priorities of the national policy on natural resources management is to support of development of business through introducing sustainable resource utilization practices. Natural resources utilization is regulated by the novelties, including the principles of “one window shopping” that simplifies and makes transparent administrative procedures associated with licensing/permitting, and most importantly many of which have been abolished.
The inventory of explored natural resources of Ajara, which are subject to the licensing, includes over 100 objects, which can be grouped into the following categories: